Data Manipulation

Having skills in organising and summarising data is crucial for students and researchers in all sciences. On these pages, we give some guidance for manipulating data in ways that can save a lot of time when it comes to analysing data and making effective figures.

Data manipulation using the packages dplyr, tidyr and reshape2.

Further help

The British Ecological Society’s Guide to Data Management in Ecology and Evolution

Author: Alistair Poore

Year: 2016

Last updated: Feb 2022